ftp:// -- ftps://Accessing FTP(s) URLs


Allows read access to existing files and creation of new files via FTP. If the server does not support passive mode ftp, the connection will fail.

You can open files for either reading or writing, but not both simultaneously. If the remote file already exists on the ftp server and you attempt to open it for writing but have not specified the context option overwrite, the connection will fail. If you need to overwrite existing files over ftp, specify the overwrite option in the context and open the file for writing. Alternatively, you can use the FTP extension.

If you have set the from directive in php.ini, then this value will be sent as the anonymous FTP password.


  • ftp://example.com/pub/file.txt
  • ftp://user:password@example.com/pub/file.txt
  • ftps://example.com/pub/file.txt
  • ftps://user:password@example.com/pub/file.txt


Wrapper Summary
Attribute Supported
Restricted by allow_url_fopen Yes
Allows Reading Yes
Allows Writing Yes (new files/existing files with overwrite)
Allows Appending Yes
Allows Simultaneous Reading and Writing No
Supports stat() filesize(), filemtime(), filetype(), file_exists(), is_file(), and is_dir() elements only.
Supports unlink() Yes
Supports rename() Yes
Supports mkdir() Yes
Supports rmdir() Yes



FTPS is only supported when the openssl extension is enabled.

If the server does not support SSL, then the connection falls back to regular unencrypted ftp.

Note: Appending
Files may be appended via the ftp:// URL wrapper.